Fleas & Disease in the California Gold Rush

First published July 4, 2018 Fleas were a frequent irritant during the California Gold Rush.   Migrants from all over the world transported more than possessions. They also carried parasites and disease. Overcrowded, unclean living conditions were ideal breeding grounds many nasty bugs. Disease such as cholera, tuberculosis, and smallpox was deadly especially for Native American populations with no previous …