Hummingbird – High-Speed Nectar Sipper

The hummingbird is one of the world’s smallest, oldest, and most adapted living bird species. Part of the Trochilidae family, hummingbirds are in the Apodiforme subfamily, which means ‘unfooted’. Because their wings move them around so well, they don’t need feet for much more than perching. Between North and South America, over 800 plant species have evolved to rely on … Read More

Columbia Black-tailed Deer – Crepuscular Cud Chewer 

The word ‘deer’ is an irregular noun. It is used for both single and multiple animals. Deer are also crepuscular, active during twilight hours. Of the six subspecies of mule deer living in California, Nevada County is home to two; the California mule deer (west side of Sierra Nevadas to the southern coast) and the Columbia black-tailed deer (Northern California … Read More

Bald Eagle – Symbolic Feet Fighting Food Thief

How the Bald Eagle Became the Symbol of the United States  In 1776, members of the Continental Congress passed a resolution saying the new nation needed a formal seal for official documents. Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson comprised the first committee who would work on it. Bald Eagle Habitat According to iNaturalist, there have been four Bald Eagle … Read More

Western Toad – Zot Drought Survivor

Toads don’t cause warts. If your dog tries to eat one, it might foam-at-the-mouth. Habitat With a wide habitat range, western toads can be found from sea level to 11,000 feet elevation and from Baja, Mexico to Alaska. Like other amphibians, toad numbers have been declining in recent decades, but new field observations give cause for hope. Evidence appears to … Read More

Mountain Lion – Fragmented Power Pouncer

History Since the late 1850’s, North America’s big cat has been known as the mountain lion. Early Spanish explorers called it ‘gato monte‘ which means cat of the mountain. Latin America calls it puma (powerful) which comes from the 16th century Peruvian Quechua language. Because of its wide range, diverse habitats, and the span of human cultural locations, this animal … Read More